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Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Painting Nolzur's Marvellous Miniatures Part 1 - Giant Spider

In my last post I took a look at some of the new unpainted (but primed) miniatures labelled "Nolzurs Marvellous Miniatures" from Wizkids. Now painting isn't necessarily a big thing for a lot of D&D players, so I thought I'd put out a quick guide for those of you who might be new to this side of the hobby, and/or want some general advice in painting minis of this sort. To start with, I'm going to have a look at the spiders, since they're relatively easy to get good results with for gaming purposes - and it's always nice to get started with a positive experience.

Materials

Now there are a few things you need when you get started in miniature painting. The obvious ones are paints and brushes - here I'm going to be using acrylics by Army Painter and Vallejo, but other brands are available and suitable. One manufacturer that you'll probably have easy access to is Games Workshop, and their paints are fine too (though they can be a little thicker to work with then the others). Generally, any acrylics made for modelling purposes are suitable, though ones for hobby or craft use are generally not. This is because of the size of the milled pigment particles and thick consistency, which gives them good general coverage and colour density for scenery and larger items, but fills detail and makes them difficult to work with for minis.

As for brushes, I generally use ones designed for acrylic paints and available from art shops. Now there are a massive number of options here, but all I'll say is that good quality brushes will save you time and money in the end - cheap brushes have their uses, but generally it's not for mini painting. I'm going to use Daler Rowney and Windsor & Newton brushes here (plus a knackered old brush - I'll explain that later), but I use a number of different ones, so don't take that as this is what you should use - find a brush make and type you are happy with from a local supplier, and stick with that. I find size 1 down round brushes are the most useful, with a couple of flat brushes for larger areas too.

Other things that help are a painting area, newspaper or something to protect whatever you're painting on, a palette (for mixing paints - which can be a simple tile, pot or a dedicated plastic one from a store (they're inexpensive), and an old jar or glass for water. I try to use two - one with fresh water for diluting paints and another for washing out brushes. A good light source is very helpful, plus some way of seeing the detail on the model - which may include a magnifying lens or glasses.

Setting up

The best way to start painting is to prepare well. Get all the paints you need together, clear everything else away, set things out, ensure you've clean water and your brushes are washed out. Make sure you mix your paints well - shaking usually achieves this but be careful you don't end up showering yourself and your surroundings with it - it tend to hamper the painting process and make you extremely unpopular to boot!

If you can afford a dedicated painting area, tray etc, this helps a lot, because you don't have to clear things away after every bit of painting - especially useful if you can't dedicate much time at any given session to the hobby. That being said, it's not essential and all of this can be done on a limited budget - but I'll let you work out the details of what's right for you and your particular depth of pocket. Here's the setup I used for this:


The first thing we need to do is remove any obvious flash, casting spurs etc from our mini - this spider has a bit on its abdomen, easily dealt with by trimming with a hobby knife or scalpel (but be careful not to cut your fingers off in the process!)


Now you're ready to paint!

Painting - Base Coat

So, here we have a spider.


I'm going to paint this mini in a similar way to the colour renders shown by Wizkids:
That means I'm going to start by painting it with a base coat of grey. I'm using Uniform Grey by Army Painter, but any mid-tone grey you're happy with will do - the great thing about spiders is you can paint them lots of different shades and they'll still look pretty realistic.


First thing to do is to thin the paint a little - how much will depend on the brand you're using, but you want something that will flow, and not gum up the detail. A rough guide is a brush of water to a drop or two of paint. I use water with a little propanol (rubbing alcohol) in it (a millilitre or so in a glass), which helps to break the surface tension of the water and lets it flow better. It's not essential, but a bottle of this will cost very little and last a VERY long time.





So, paint thinned, I give our spider a complete, overall coat of grey. As you will have already seen, I've unceremoniously stabbed it in the underside with a pin (with a tiny amount of superglue on it) to allow me to do this without handling it - this won't be seen at the end, and it speeds up the process since I don't have to paint it in sections. Now, don't worry if your coverage here doesn't look good - give it a second coat if necessary - two thin coats are better (and quicker) than one thick coat.



Now we have a grey spider.

We want to have brown hairy bits to give our spider an even more "shuddery" response from any arachnophobes, and to do this I'm going to use Monster Brown on all the "furry" areas of the abdomen and legs. I'm using thinned paint again, and not worrying about being too precise.




It's now painted, but it looks a bit "flat". This is the thing with miniature painting - you're trying to recreate the effect of light on a larger object on a much smaller one, so you need to cheat. Larger objects create more shadows, giving the eye the impression of depth, and we need to artificially recreate this on our mini, since at its small scale the light scatter drowns this effect out. So now we move onto the magical step know as "washing".

Painting - Washing

Now there are two routes to washing - buying pre-mixed or making your own. I've covered making your own washes on a previous blog article (http://mannmomo.blogspot.co.uk/2013/11/washes.html), so here I'm just going to use pre-made washes, this time from Vallejo, but I'm going to mix them. I'm using Umber Shade and Black Shade in a 2:1 ratio (that is, two drops of umber to one drop of black). I'm not diluting them here, because I want a strong effect and the colours are quite dark.


Now using a wash is the easiest thing in the world - you just paint the whole mini liberally with it and let it dry!

Once dried, the wash will darken the overall aspect of the model, but by differentially settling into the recesses of the model it creates the illusion of shade.


Painting - Finishing Touches

Our spider is quite usable now, but if you're getting into this painting thing there are a couple more steps you can go down. One is highlighting, the other is detail painting. Highlighting a model like this is easily done by drybrushing, which is a technique that can take a while to develop, but rapidly enhances models like this.

There are many posts and articles on drybrushing, but the short story is you remove as much of the paint from a brush as possible (so the brush is "dry"), and then you drag the brush across the model so that any paint remaining on the brush catches the raised surfaces on the model. You can do this as little or as much as you like to build up the effect, and as you use a lighter shade, it simulates light falling onto and picking out those higher areas of the model.

Detail painting is done last, and it's the little things that just add that extra something to a model, and can really make it stand out - for our spider this is really just the painting of the eyes.

So let's start by dry-brushing the model. Using the original Monster Brown with a little white, I used the crappy brush (because dry-brushing WRECKS brushes), get a little paint on it and then rub it off on some paper, and then the back of my hand. Why the back of the hand? Well, you can tell exactly how much paint is on the brush this way - you can weel how dry the brush is and how much paint is coming off. You want to get it so that basically nothing is coming off. You can then use that brush against the model, swiping it across the area you want, and tiny amounts of paint will be left on the raised areas - here you can see the effect on the back of the spider - compare that with the last photo and you can see the effect, which should be quite subtle.


Finally, I'm using some Army Painter Matt Black to paint the eyes


This is thinned as previously, but this time I've using a size zero brush and very carefully painting in the large eyes on the model (which are still tiny!)


It's not much, but it does add something to the model, doesn't it?

And here we have the completed mini, ready to menace our adventurers as they progress towards their destiny!



I hope that's proved helpful to those of you who have not tried painting minis before - the whole process to paint a spider is not long at all, mostly drying time. The effect is pretty good for using in your games, and easy to achieve - so what are you waiting for? Get painting!